Cinnamon, Indonesian Cinnamon
Cinnamon has a number of benefits. It helps prevent and fight diabetes by controlling blood sugar levels and increasing insulin sensitivity. This spice also has a thermogenic action andit can help to lower total and bad cholesterol, LDL, as well as triglyceride levels.
- Origin Plant Based
- Source Itself
- Type Bioactive Compounds
Blood sugar (or glucose) is the main sugar found in the blood. It comes from the food you eat, and is the body's main source of energy. The bloodstream carries glucose (with the help of a hormone called Insulin) to all of the cells of the body in order for them to live. There is a range of healthy glucose/insulin levels, if they get too high or too low the body responds quickly with unpleasant symptoms. And if those levels stay out of range you might develop chronic conditions like Type 2 Diabetes and others. That's why taking care of blood sugar levels is so important.
The body's cells use glucose to produce energy. Glucose comes from food and is stored in the body in the form of glycogen (in the muscles and liver) or circulating glucose (in the blood). Cells need the hormone Insulin to capture glucose molecules. The glucose / insulin balance in the blood is essential for the proper functioning of the body's whole metabolism. A change in this metabolism can lead to serious physiological dysfunctions, leading to the development of chronic non-communicable diseases, such as type II diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. There are several classes of compounds that influence this metabolism, these can increase insulin synthesis and secretion, decrease blood glucose levels, reduce the immediate absorption of carbohydrates, regulate the sensitivity of cells to insulin, among others.
- Age Range Teenagers (13-19), Adults (20-59), Seniors (>60)
- Toxicity There is no evidence of toxicity until now
- Side effects Nausea, Gastrointestinal Disturbs
- Warnings Diabetes Medication, Hypertension Medication, Anticoagulant Medication
Why be Careful
- ^ Characterization of antioxidant and antimicrobial compounds of cinnamon and ginger essential oils.
- ^ a b c d Abraham K, et al. Toxicology and risk assessment of coumarin: focus on human data. Mol Nutr Food Res. (2010)
- ^ Jarvill-Taylor KJ, Anderson RA, Graves DJ. A hydroxychalcone derived from cinnamon functions as a mimetic for insulin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. J Am Coll Nutr. (2001)
- ^ a b Mohamed Sham Shihabudeen H, Hansi Priscilla D, Thirumurugan K. Cinnamon extract inhibits α-glucosidase activity and dampens postprandial glucose excursion in diabetic rats. Nutr Metab (Lond). (2011)
- ^ a b c Adisakwattana S, et al. Inhibitory activity of cinnamon bark species and their combination effect with acarbose against intestinal α-glucosidase and pancreatic α-amylase. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. (2011)
- ^ a b A Hydroxychalcone Derived from Cinnamon Functions as a Mimetic for Insulin in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes.
- ^ Isolation and Characterization of Chalcone Polymers from Cinnamon with Insulin-Like Biological Activity.
- ^ Imparl-Radosevich J, et al. Regulation of PTP-1 and insulin receptor kinase by fractions from cinnamon: implications for cinnamon regulation of insulin signalling. Horm Res. (1998)
- ^ Broadhurst CL, Polansky MM, Anderson RA. Insulin-like biological activity of culinary and medicinal plant aqueous extracts in vitro. J Agric Food Chem. (2000)
- ^ Kirkham S, et al. The potential of cinnamon to reduce blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. Diabetes Obes Metab. (2009)
- ^ Pham AQ, Kourlas H, Pham DQ. Cinnamon supplementation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Pharmacotherapy. (2007)
- ^ Mang B, et al. Effects of a cinnamon extract on plasma glucose, HbA, and serum lipids in diabetes mellitus type 2. Eur J Clin Invest. (2006)
- ^ Khan A, et al. Cinnamon improves glucose and lipids of people with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. (2003)
- ^ Anderson RA. Chromium and polyphenols from cinnamon improve insulin sensitivity. Proc Nutr Soc. (2008)
- ^ Qin B, Panickar KS, Anderson RA. Cinnamon: potential role in the prevention of insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. J Diabetes Sci Technol. (2010)
- ^ Solvent-assisted supercritical fluid extraction for the isolation of semivolatile flavor compounds from the cinnamons of commerce and their separation by series-coupled column gas chromatography.
- ^ Woehrlin F, et al. Quantification of flavoring constituents in cinnamon: high variation of coumarin in cassia bark from the German retail market and in authentic samples from indonesia. J Agric Food Chem. (2010)
- ^ Abraham K, et al. Relative bioavailability of coumarin from cinnamon and cinnamon-containing foods compared to isolated coumarin: a four-way crossover study in human volunteers. Mol Nutr Food Res. (2011)
- Yisahak SF, et al. Diabetes in North America and the Caribbean: an update. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. (2014)
- Baker I, Chohan M, Opara EI. Impact of cooking and digestion, in vitro, on the antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory activity of cinnamon, clove and nutmeg. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. (2013)
- Nabavi SF, et al. Antibacterial Effects of Cinnamon: From Farm to Food, Cosmetic and Pharmaceutical Industries. Nutrients. (2015)
- Crawford P. Effectiveness of cinnamon for lowering hemoglobin A1C in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled trial. J Am Board Fam Med. (2009)
- Blevins SM, et al. Effect of cinnamon on glucose and lipid levels in non insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. (2007)
- Esterbauer H, Schaur RJ, Zollner H. Chemistry and biochemistry of 4-hydroxynonenal, malonaldehyde and related aldehydes. Free Radic Biol Med. (1991)
- McGowan MP, Proulx S. Nutritional supplements and serum lipids: does anything work?. Curr Atheroscler Rep. (2009)
- Magistrelli A, Chezem JC. Effect of ground cinnamon on postprandial blood glucose concentration in normal-weight and obese adults. J Acad Nutr Diet. (2012)
- Frijhoff J, et al. Clinical Relevance of Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress. Antioxid Redox Signal. (2015)
- Luft VC, et al. Carboxymethyl lysine, an advanced glycation end product, and incident diabetes: a case-cohort analysis of the ARIC Study. Diabet Med. (2016)