Ginger, zingiber officinale roscoe, Ginger

Ginger is a root originally from eastern countries. It is a historical medicine and can be used for headaches, migraines, blood pressure, and flow, immune system and common sore throats. The most important part of ginger is the underground root that accumulates nutritive substances. It has been used for centuries for its anti-inflammatory properties.

  • Origin: Plant Based
  • Source: Itself
  • Type: Spices
  • Age Range: Adults, Seniors
  • Toxicity: May be toxic in high doses
  • Outcomes: Gut Health, Specific Conditions, Women’s Health, Digestion, Blood Sugar Control, PMS, Lactation

What are Ginger benefits?

Ginger is a flowering plant native to Southeast Asia, belonging to the Zingiberaceae family, and is related to saffron, cardamom, and galangal. Ginger is generally ranked as one of the healthiest spices on the planet. In addition, ginger is also widely used as a medicine in both traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda (Indian) medicine. According to studies, ginger has several beneficial properties, such as: treating forms of nausea, especially morning sickness; aiding in weight loss; helping with osteoarthritis; helping treat chronic indigestion; helping lower cholesterol levels; helping fight infection; improving brain function and protecting against Alzheimer’s disease; dramatically lowering blood sugar and improving risk factors for heart disease; significantly reducing menstrual pain; helping prevent cancer, and has potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

Table of relations

Consistent effects
Strength of effects
Scientific articles

Gut Health Ginger and Gut Health

Gut health is directly linked to our habits, such as unregulated sleep, poor diet, and little physical activity. Keeping our digestive system in order is taking care of our entire organism, because scientists have discovered that there is a connection between the peripheral nervous system (categorized by nerves and neurons outside the central nervous system) and the enteric nervous system (which controls digestion). Our gut has 100 million neurons, and 70-80% of the body's immune cells live there. In addition, gut health is linked to our mood through its conversion of tryptophan into serotonin.
  • Digestion

    Digestion refers to the breakdown of food into smaller components that can be absorbed into the bloodstream. Therefore it is one of the most important systems of the body, because it is responsable for all the nutrient income that "feed" all of our cells. Maintaining a good digestions is not always easy, as the digestive system behaves differently depending on how and what you eat. Some ingredients help this mechanism work better and preventing discomfort.

Specific Conditions Ginger and Specific Conditions

Specific body conditions categorize precise areas of our body, such as: Respiratory allergies; Liver; Eye health; Blood pressure; Cholesterol and triglycerides; and Blood glucose control. These areas require specific attention because they are delicate functions related to other parts of the body. Respiratory allergies, for example, are linked to the immune system, and to present an effective nutraceutical, we keep our scientific base up to date.
  • Blood Sugar Control

    The body's cells use glucose to produce energy. Glucose comes from food and is stored in the body in the form of glycogen (in the muscles and liver) or circulating glucose (in the blood). Cells need the hormone Insulin to capture glucose molecules. The glucose / insulin balance in the blood is essential for the proper functioning of the body's whole metabolism. A change in this metabolism can lead to serious physiological dysfunctions, leading to the development of chronic non-communicable diseases, such as type II diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. There are several classes of compounds that influence this metabolism, these can increase insulin synthesis and secretion, decrease blood glucose levels, reduce the immediate absorption of carbohydrates, regulate the sensitivity of cells to insulin, among others.

Women's Health Ginger and Women's Health

The female body has specific physiological processes involving sex hormones, health of the ovaries, uterus and vagina, menstrual cycle, pregnancy and lactation and menopause. The compounds indicated for women's health assist in the synthesis and secretion of these hormones, in premenstrual and menopausal symptoms and in the protection of female sexual organs.
  • PMS

    Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition that affects a woman’s emotions, physical health, and behavior during certain days of the menstrual cycle, generally just before her menses. PMS is a very common condition. Its symptoms affect more than 90 percent of menstruating women. It must impair some aspect of your life for your doctor to diagnose you. PMS symptoms start five to 11 days before menstruation and typically go away once menstruation begins. The cause of PMS is unknown. However, many researchers believe that it’s related to a change in both sex hormone and serotonin levels at the beginning of the menstrual cycle. Levels of estrogen and progesterone increase during certain times of the month. An increase in these hormones can cause mood swings, anxiety, and irritability. Ovarian steroids also modulate activity in parts of your brain associated with premenstrual symptoms.

  • Lactation

    Breast milk is the best food in the world, because it is rich in nutritional substances and plays a fundamental role in the first months of a baby's life. Because of its importance, it is indispensable that the mother has a balanced diet because 50% of the ingested vitamins will be passed on to the milk. With this high number in mind, supplementation for lactating women has the function of maintaining all the necessary substances in their bodies in a healthy and practical way, optimizing the breastfeeding process while taking care of the mother's body.

Table of negative interactions


Related videos about Ginger


  1. ^ Yip YB, Tam AC. An experimental study on the effectiveness of massage with aromatic ginger and orange essential oil for moderate-to-severe knee pain among the elderly in Hong KongComplement Ther Med. (2008)
  2. ^ Food Bolus Intestinal Obstruction in a Chinese Population.
  3. a b c Bryer E. A literature review of the effectiveness of ginger in alleviating mild-to-moderate nausea and vomiting of pregnancyJ Midwifery Womens Health. (2005)
  4. ^ Surh Y. Molecular mechanisms of chemopreventive effects of selected dietary and medicinal phenolic substancesMutat Res. (1999)
  5. ^ The Amazing and Mighty Ginger.
  6. a b c d e f g h Koh EM, et al. Modulation of macrophage functions by compounds isolated from Zingiber officinalePlanta Med. (2009)
  7. a b Miyoshi N, et al. Dietary ginger constituents, galanals A and B, are potent apoptosis inducers in Human T lymphoma Jurkat cellsCancer Lett. (2003)
  8. a b c d e f g h Ghasemzadeh A, Jaafar HZ, Rahmat A. Identification and concentration of some flavonoid components in Malaysian young ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) varieties by a high performance liquid chromatography methodMolecules. (2010)
  9. ^ Bailey-Shaw YA, et al. Changes in the contents of oleoresin and pungent bioactive principles of Jamaican ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe.) during maturationJ Agric Food Chem. (2008)
  10. ^ Schwertner HA, Rios DC, Pascoe JE. Variation in concentration and labeling of ginger root dietary supplementsObstet Gynecol. (2006)
  11. ^ Microsomal hydroxylation and glucuronidation of [6.
  12. a b c Takeda H, et al. Rikkunshito, an herbal medicine, suppresses cisplatin-induced anorexia in rats via 5-HT2 receptor antagonismGastroenterology. (2008)
  13. a b c Mansour MS, et al. Ginger consumption enhances the thermic effect of food and promotes feelings of satiety without affecting metabolic and hormonal parameters in overweight men: A pilot studyMetabolism. (2012)
  14. a b Saenghong N, et al. Zingiber officinale Improves Cognitive Function of the Middle-Aged Healthy WomenEvid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2012)
  15. a b c Wattanathorn J, et al. Zingiber officinale Mitigates Brain Damage and Improves Memory Impairment in Focal Cerebral Ischemic RatEvid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2011)
  16. a b Heimes K, Feistel B, Verspohl EJ. Impact of the 5-HT3 receptor channel system for insulin secretion and interaction of ginger extractsEur J Pharmacol. (2009)
  17. a b Akhani SP, Vishwakarma SL, Goyal RK. Anti-diabetic activity of Zingiber officinale in streptozotocin-induced type I diabetic ratsJ Pharm Pharmacol. (2004)
  18. a b Gonlachanvit S, et al. Ginger reduces hyperglycemia-evoked gastric dysrhythmias in healthy humans: possible role of endogenous prostaglandinsJ Pharmacol Exp Ther. (2003)
  19. ^ Mowrey DB, Clayson DE. Motion sickness, ginger, and psychophysicsLancet. (1982)
  20. ^ Schmid R, et al. Comparison of Seven Commonly Used Agents for Prophylaxis of SeasicknessJ Travel Med. (1994)
  21. ^ Holtmann S, et al. The anti-motion sickness mechanism of ginger. A comparative study with placebo and dimenhydrinateActa Otolaryngol. (1989)
  22. a b Phillips S, Hutchinson S, Ruggier R. Zingiber officinale does not affect gastric emptying rate. A randomised, placebo-controlled, crossover trialAnaesthesia. (1993)
  23. a b Wu KL, et al. Effects of ginger on gastric emptying and motility in healthy humansEur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. (2008)
  24. ^ Altman RD, Marcussen KC. Effects of a ginger extract on knee pain in patients with osteoarthritisArthritis Rheum. (2001)
  25. ^ Stewart JJ, et al. Effects of ginger on motion sickness susceptibility and gastric functionPharmacology. (1991)
  26. ^ Shariatpanahi ZV, et al. Ginger extract reduces delayed gastric emptying and nosocomial pneumonia in adult respiratory distress syndrome patients hospitalized in an intensive care unitJ Crit Care. (2010)
  27. ^ Hu ML, et al. Effect of ginger on gastric motility and symptoms of functional dyspepsiaWorld J Gastroenterol. (2011)
  28. a b Micklefield GH, et al. Effects of ginger on gastroduodenal motilityInt J Clin Pharmacol Ther. (1999)
  29. a b c Lohsiriwat S, et al. Effect of ginger on lower esophageal sphincter pressureJ Med Assoc Thai. (2010)
  30. a b Smith C, et al. A randomized controlled trial of ginger to treat nausea and vomiting in pregnancyObstet Gynecol. (2004)
  31. ^ Sripramote M, Lekhyananda N. A randomized comparison of ginger and vitamin B6 in the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancyJ Med Assoc Thai. (2003)
  32. ^ Ensiyeh J, Sakineh MA. Comparing ginger and vitamin B6 for the treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: a randomised controlled trialMidwifery. (2009)
  33. ^ Chittumma P, Kaewkiattikun K, Wiriyasiriwach B. Comparison of the effectiveness of ginger and vitamin B6 for treatment of nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: a randomized double-blind controlled trialJ Med Assoc Thai. (2007)
  34. ^ Mohammadbeigi R, et al. Comparing the effects of ginger and metoclopramide on the treatment of pregnancy nauseaPak J Biol Sci. (2011)
  35. ^ Pongrojpaw D, Somprasit C, Chanthasenanont A. A randomized comparison of ginger and dimenhydrinate in the treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancyJ Med Assoc Thai. (2007)
  36. ^ Ozgoli G, Goli M, Simbar M. Effects of ginger capsules on pregnancy, nausea, and vomitingJ Altern Complement Med. (2009)
  37. a b Ozgoli G, Goli M, Moattar F. Comparison of effects of ginger, mefenamic acid, and ibuprofen on pain in women with primary dysmenorrheaJ Altern Complement Med. (2009)
  38. a b Kashefi F1, et al. Comparison of the effect of ginger and zinc sulfate on primary dysmenorrhea: a placebo-controlled randomized trialPain Manag Nurs. (2014)
  39. ^ Kamtchouing P, et al. Evaluation of androgenic activity of Zingiber officinale and Pentadiplandra brazzeana in male ratsAsian J Androl. (2002)
  40. ^ Effects of Zingiber Officinale on Reproductive Functions in the Male Rat.
  41. a b The effects of ginger on spermatogenesis and sperm parameters of rat.
  42. ^ Effects of Zingiber Officinale on Reproductive Functions in the Male Rat.
  43. a b c A 35-day gavage safety assessment of ginger in rats.
  44. a b Shukla Y, et al. In vitro and in vivo modulation of testosterone mediated alterations in apoptosis related proteins by (6)-gingerolMol Nutr Food Res. (2007)
  45. ^ Moselhy WA, et al. Role of ginger against the reproductive toxicity of aluminium chloride in albino male ratsReprod Domest Anim. (2012)
  46. ^ Shalaby MA, Hamowieh AR. Safety and efficacy of Zingiber officinale roots on fertility of male diabetic ratsFood Chem Toxicol. (2010)
  47. ^ Amin A, Hamza AA. Effects of Roselle and Ginger on cisplatin-induced reproductive toxicity in ratsAsian J Androl. (2006)
  48. ^ Amin A, et al. Herbal extracts counteract cisplatin-mediated cell death in rat testisAsian J Androl. (2008)
  49. ^ Backon J. Ginger in preventing nausea and vomiting of pregnancy; a caveat due to its thromboxane synthetase activity and effect on testosterone bindingEur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. (1991)
  50. ^ Winters SJ, Banks JL, Loriaux DL. Cimetidine is an antiandrogen in the ratGastroenterology. (1979)
  51. a b The effect of Ginger on semen parameters and serum FSH, LH & testosterone of infertile men.
  52. ^ Kim IG, et al. Screening of estrogenic and antiestrogenic activities from medicinal plantsEnviron Toxicol Pharmacol. (2008)
  53. ^ Abdel-Aziz H, et al. 5-HT3 receptor blocking activity of arylalkanes isolated from the rhizome of Zingiber officinalePlanta Med. (2005)
  54. ^ Jiang SZ, Wang NS, Mi SQ. Plasma pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of {6}-gingerol in ratsBiopharm Drug Dispos. (2008)
  55. ^ Qiang LQ, et al. Combined administration of the mixture of honokiol and magnolol and ginger oil evokes antidepressant-like synergism in ratsArch Pharm Res. (2009)
  56. ^ Chaiyakunapruk N, et al. The efficacy of ginger for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting: a meta-analysisAm J Obstet Gynecol. (2006)
  57. ^ Thompson HJ, Potter PJ. Review: ginger prevents 24 hour postoperative nausea and vomitingEvid Based Nurs. (2006)
  58. ^ Jeena K, Liju VB, Kuttan R. A preliminary 13-week oral toxicity study of ginger oil in male and female Wistar ratsInt J Toxicol. (2011)
  59. ^ Borrelli F, et al. Effectiveness and safety of ginger in the treatment of pregnancy-induced nausea and vomitingObstet Gynecol. (2005)
  60. ^ Fischer-Rasmussen W, et al. Ginger treatment of hyperemesis gravidarumEur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. (1991)
  61. ^ Vutyavanich T, Kraisarin T, Ruangsri R. Ginger for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trialObstet Gynecol. (2001)
  62. ^ Keating A, Chez RA. Ginger syrup as an antiemetic in early pregnancyAltern Ther Health Med. (2002)
  63. ^ Tiran D. Ginger to reduce nausea and vomiting during pregnancy: evidence of effectiveness is not the same as proof of safetyComplement Ther Clin Pract. (2012)
  64. Grøntved A, Hentzer E. Vertigo-reducing effect of ginger root. A controlled clinical studyORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. (1986)
  65. Zick SM, et al. Phase II study of the effects of ginger root extract on eicosanoids in colon mucosa in people at normal risk for colorectal cancerCancer Prev Res (Phila). (2011)
  66. Cady RK, et al. A double-blind placebo-controlled pilot study of sublingual feverfew and ginger (LipiGesic™ M) in the treatment of migraineHeadache. (2011)
  67. Willetts KE, Ekangaki A, Eden JA. Effect of a ginger extract on pregnancy-induced nausea: a randomised controlled trialAust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. (2003)
  68. Bliddal H, et al. A randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study of ginger extracts and ibuprofen in osteoarthritisOsteoarthritis Cartilage. (2000)
  69. Black CD, et al. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) reduces muscle pain caused by eccentric exerciseJ Pain. (2010)
  70. Black CD, Oconnor PJ. Acute effects of dietary ginger on quadriceps muscle pain during moderate-intensity cycling exerciseInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. (2008)
  71. Zahmatkash M, Vafaeenasab MR. Comparing analgesic effects of a topical herbal mixed medicine with salicylate in patients with knee osteoarthritisPak J Biol Sci. (2011)
  72. Ernst E, Pittler MH. Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trialsBr J Anaesth. (2000)
  73. Pillai AK, et al. Anti-emetic effect of ginger powder versus placebo as an add-on therapy in children and young adults receiving high emetogenic chemotherapyPediatr Blood Cancer. (2011)
  74. Cady RK, et al. Gelstat Migraine (sublingually administered feverfew and ginger compound) for acute treatment of migraine when administered during the mild pain phaseMed Sci Monit. (2005)
  75. Alizadeh-Navaei R, et al. Investigation of the effect of ginger on the lipid levels. A double blind controlled clinical trialSaudi Med J. (2008)
  76. Apariman S, Ratchanon S, Wiriyasirivej B. Effectiveness of ginger for prevention of nausea and vomiting after gynecological laparoscopyJ Med Assoc Thai. (2006)
  77. Nanthakomon T, Pongrojpaw D. The efficacy of ginger in prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting after major gynecologic surgeryJ Med Assoc Thai. (2006)
  78. Khayat S, et al. Effect of treatment with ginger on the severity of premenstrual syndrome symptomsISRN Obstet Gynecol. (2014)