1. ^ Combined extractives of red yeast rice, bitter gourd, chlorella, soy protein, and licorice improve total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride in subjects with metabolic syndrome.
  2. ^ Watanabe F, et al. Characterization of a vitamin B12 compound in the edible purple laver, Porphyra yezoensisBiosci Biotechnol Biochem. (2000)
  3. ^ Takenaka S, et al. Feeding dried purple laver (nori) to vitamin B12-deficient rats significantly improves vitamin B12 statusBr J Nutr. (2001)
  4. ^ Miyamoto E, et al. Characterization of a vitamin B12 compound from unicellular coccolithophorid alga (Pleurochrysis carterae)J Agric Food Chem. (2001)
  5. ^ Rauma Al, et al. Vitamin B-12 status of long-term adherents of a strict uncooked vegan diet (“living food diet”) is compromised.J Nutr. (1995)
  6. ^ Biodiesel from microalgae.
  7. ^ Wawrik B, Harriman BH. Rapid, colorimetric quantification of lipid from algal culturesJ Microbiol Methods. (2010)
  8. a b Park JY1, et al. Changes in fatty acid composition of Chlorella vulgaris by hypochlorous acidBioresour Technol. (2014)
  9. a b Mišurcová L1, et al. Amino acid composition of algal products and its contribution to RDIFood Chem. (2014)
  10. ^ Kittaka-Katsura H, et al. Purification and characterization of a corrinoid compound from Chlorella tablets as an algal health foodJ Agric Food Chem. (2002)
  11. ^ Watanabe F, et al. Characterization and bioavailability of vitamin B12-compounds from edible algaeJ Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). (2002)
  12. a b Uchikawa T, et al. Chlorella suppresses methylmercury transfer to the fetus in pregnant miceJ Toxicol Sci. (2011)
  13. ^ Tamaki H, et al. Inhibitory effects of herbal extracts on breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and structure-inhibitory potency relationship of isoflavonoidsDrug Metab Pharmacokinet. (2010)
  14. a b Rai UN1, et al. Chromate tolerance and accumulation in Chlorella vulgaris L.: role of antioxidant enzymes and biochemical changes in detoxification of metalsBioresour Technol. (2013)
  15. ^ Algal Biomass: An Economical Method for Removal of Chromium from Tannery Effluent.
  16. ^ Jiang Y1, et al. Effects of arsenate (AS5+) on growth and production of glutathione (GSH) and phytochelatins (PCS) in Chlorella vulgarisInt J Phytoremediation. (2011)
  17. ^ Karadjova IB1, Slaveykova VI, Tsalev DL. The biouptake and toxicity of arsenic species on the green microalga Chlorella salina in seawaterAquat Toxicol. (2008)
  18. ^ Wu Y1, Wang WX. Accumulation, subcellular distribution and toxicity of inorganic mercury and methylmercury in marine phytoplanktonEnviron Pollut. (2011)
  19. ^ Uchikawa T, et al. Enhanced elimination of tissue methylmercury in Parachlorella beijerinckii-fed miceJ Toxicol Sci. (2011)
  20. ^ Uchikawa T, et al. The influence of Parachlorella beyerinckii CK-5 on the absorption and excretion of methylmercury (MeHg) in miceJ Toxicol Sci. (2010)
  21. ^ The Prevalence of Anemia in Women.
  22. ^ Kusumi E, et al. Prevalence of anemia among healthy women in 2 metropolitan areas of JapanInt J Hematol. (2006)
  23. ^ Matsuura E, et al. Effect of chlorella on rats with iron deficient anemiaKitasato Arch Exp Med. (1991)
  24. a b c d e f g Nakano S, Takekoshi H, Nakano M. Chlorella pyrenoidosa supplementation reduces the risk of anemia, proteinuria and edema in pregnant womenPlant Foods Hum Nutr. (2010)
  25. a b c d Shimada M, et al. Anti-hypertensive effect of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-rich Chlorella on high-normal blood pressure and borderline hypertension in placebo-controlled double blind studyClin Exp Hypertens. (2009)
  26. a b c Lee SH, et al. Six-week supplementation with Chlorella has favorable impact on antioxidant status in Korean male smokersNutrition. (2010)
  27. a b Nakashima Y, et al. Preventive effects of Chlorella on cognitive decline in age-dependent dementia model miceNeurosci Lett. (2009)
  28. a b c Mizoguchi T, et al. Nutrigenomic studies of effects of Chlorella on subjects with high-risk factors for lifestyle-related diseaseJ Med Food. (2008)
  29. a b Merchant RE, Carmack CA, Wise CM. Nutritional supplementation with Chlorella pyrenoidosa for patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot studyPhytother Res. (2000)
  30. ^ Merchant RE, Andre CA. A review of recent clinical trials of the nutritional supplement Chlorella pyrenoidosa in the treatment of fibromyalgia, hypertension, and ulcerative colitisAltern Ther Health Med. (2001)
  31. a b Otsuki T, et al. Salivary secretory immunoglobulin A secretion increases after 4-weeks ingestion of chlorella-derived multicomponent supplement in humans: a randomized cross over studyNutr J. (2011)
  32. ^ Lamm ME, et al. IgA and mucosal defenseAPMIS. (1995)
  33. ^ Klentrou P, et al. Effect of moderate exercise on salivary immunoglobulin A and infection risk in humansEur J Appl Physiol. (2002)
  34. ^ Gleeson M, et al. Salivary IgA levels and infection risk in elite swimmersMed Sci Sports Exerc. (1999)
  35. a b Nakano S, Takekoshi H, Nakano M. Chlorella (Chlorella pyrenoidosa) supplementation decreases dioxin and increases immunoglobulin a concentrations in breast milkJ Med Food. (2007)
  36. ^ Halperin SA, et al. Safety and immunoenhancing effect of a Chlorella-derived dietary supplement in healthy adults undergoing influenza vaccination: randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trialCMAJ. (2003)
  37. ^ Lai KM, Scrimshaw MD, Lester JN. Biotransformation and bioconcentration of steroid estrogens by Chlorella vulgarisAppl Environ Microbiol. (2002)
  38. ^ Ge L, et al. Photodegradation of 17beta-estradiol induced by Chlorella vulgarisYing Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. (2004)
  39. ^ Hirooka T, et al. Biodegradation of bisphenol A and disappearance of its estrogenic activity by the green alga Chlorella fusca var. vacuolataEnviron Toxicol Chem. (2005)