Cognitive Function and Brain Health
Cognitive functions are brain skills divided into: memory, perception, language, executive functions, attention and praxis (ability to perform complex movements). These functions depend on healthy synapses and neurons, which require good overall brain functioning. Supplements can affect cognitive performance directly or indirectly. Direct effects can alter or participate in neurotransmissions and influence the brain’s energy metabolism. The indirect effects include hormonal changes that affect the brain, and improvements in cognitive disorders such as anxiety, depression and insomnia.
Cognitive Function and Brain Health and their sub-outcomes
Cognition refers to the mental processes involved in gaining knowledge and comprehension. Cognitive actions include thinking, knowing, remembering, judging, and problem-solving. These are higher-level functions of the brain and include language, imagination, perception, and planning.
Attention is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether considered subjective or objective.
Memory is the faculty by which the brain encodes, stores, and retrieves information. It is a record of experience for guiding future action. There are short and long term memory and both can be improved by supplements and mental training.