Bone Density
Bone and Joint Health

Bone Density

Bone density or bone mineral density (BMD) is the amount of bone mineral in bone tissue. The measurement of bone mineral density is used in medicine as an indirect indicator of osteoporosis and risk of fractures.

Table of relations

Consistent effects
Strength of effects
Scientific articles
There is little evidence about improvements in bone mineral density.
An increase in bone mineral density was seen with magnesium supplementation.
The evidence suggests that alittle (roughly half a day) reduction is found when vitamin C is taken consistently, even when not sick, but not if it's only started once already sick. For other infectious diseases, it's unclear if vitamin C helps.
There appears to be a relative increase in bone mineral density related to vitamin K supplementation, thanks to the slowing of bone loss in older individuals. While it is significant overall in the meta-analyses, it is rather unreliable and similar in potency to vitamin D when it occurs (less so than estrogen replacement therapy).